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2020中国企业500强特征分析、挑战与对策

发布时间:2021-09-29 13:38:01   全屏

 

9yue28ri,zaiyi“yuxinji、kaixinju:biangezhongdedaqiyefazhan”weizhutide2020zhongguo500qiangqiyegaofengluntanshang,zhongguoqiyelianhehui、zhongguoqiyejiaxiehuifabule2020nianzhongguoqiye500qiangxiliebangdan,zheishizhongguoqiyelianhehui、zhongguoqiyejiaxiehuidi19cifabu“zhongguoqiye500qiang”paixingbang,tongshifabu《2020zhongguoqiye500qiangfenxibaogao》,duizhongguo500qiangqiyetezhengjinxingxiangxifenxi,bingzhenduiwoguodaqiyechixufazhanmianlindewentihetiaozhantichujianyi。

2019nian,woguoguoneishengchanzongzhidadao99.1wanyiyuan,tongbizengzhang6.1%;anquannianpingjunhuilvzhesuan,jingjizongliangda14.4wanyimeiyuan,renjungdpshoucitupo1wanmeiyuan。

danshoushijiejingjizengzhangdimi、guojijingmaomocajiajudengyinsuyingxiang,woguojingjixiaxingyalijinyibujiada,guoneishengchanzongzhinianduzengsuchuangxindi。

woguodaqiyexuzhengshidangqiankunnan,jijiyingduitiaozhan,jianchichuangxinfazhan,wei“shisanwu”yuanmanshouguan、“shisiwu”lianghaokaijudiandingzhashijichu。

 

01zhongguoqiye500qiangtezhengfenxi  

▌1.guimotezheng

2020zhongguoqiye500qiangyingyeshourujixubaochizengzhangtaishi,hejiyingyeshouru86.02wanyiyuan,bishangniandu500qiangzengzhang8.75%;500qiangqiyeduigdpgongxiantuchu,yingyeshouruyugdpdexiangduibiwenzhongyousheng;ruweimenjianlianxu18niantigao,2020zhongguoqiye500qiangruweimenjiantishengzhi359.61yiyuan;500qiangqiyezichanzongebaochizhongsuzengzhang,jingzichanyuguishumugongsijingzichanzengsujunkuaiyuzongzichanzengsu;“qianyijulebu”jiakuaikuorong,chengyuanyizengzhi217jia;500qiangqiyeyuangongshuliangbishangnianxiaofuxiajiang,duishehuijiuyegongxianlveyouxiajiang。

 

▌2.xiaoyitezheng

2020zhongguoqiye500qianglirunzonge55705.76yiyuan,shixianguishumugongsidejinglirun38924.14yiyuan,lirunzonge、jinglirunfenbiebishangnian500qiangzengzhang20.02%、10.20%;shourulirunlv、zichanlirunlvxiaofutisheng,jingzichanlirunlvmingxianxiajiang;27jiaqiyekuisun,kuisunmianshouzhai、kuisunemingxianxiajiang;qiyelirunbianhuafudubianxiao,lirunxiahuaqiyejianshaozhi171jia;qiyeshuifuyalijianqing,nashuizongezhanquanguoshuishoubizhong“liulianjiang”houxiaofuhuisheng,zhengtizongheshuifulianxu4nianxiajiang;fuwuyeyinglishuipinghaoyuzhizaoyejiqitaxingye,danfuwuyeyuzhizaoye、qitaxingyezhijiandeyinglishuipingchajuyousuosuoxiao;feiyinqiyeyinglishuipingxianzhudiyushangyeyinxing,danerzhezhijiandechajuchixusuoxiao。

 

▌3.suoyouzhigejuhefazhantezheng

2020zhongguoqiye500qiangzhong,minyingqiyeshuliangyushangnian500qiangchiping,suoyouzhijiegoujibenwending。zaizhuyaozhibiaozhanbishang,yiranyiguoyouqiyeweizhu,guoyouqiyezaigezhuyaozhibiaoshangdezhanbijunchaoguoqishuliangshangdezhanbi;guoyouqiyechengdanlebiminyingqiyexiangduigengzhongdeshuifu,danguoyouqiyeyuminyingqiyezongheshuifulvjunbishangnian500qiangyousuoxiajiang,qieerzhezhijiandechajuchengsuoxiaoqushi。

butongleixingguoyouqiyedeshuifuchajujiaomingxian,zongheshuifulvconggaodaodiyiciweifeijinrongyangqi(6.65%)、jinrongyangqi(6.05%)、difangguoqi(5.46%),zhongyangqiyebidifangguoqichengdanlegengzhongdeshuifuzeren。

 

▌4.xingyetezheng

2020zhongguoqiye500qianggongsheji75gexingye,qizhongzhizaoyeqiye238jia,fuwuyeqiye181jia,qitaxingyeqiye81jia。yushangnian500qiangxiangbi,zhizaoyeqiyejianshao6jia,fuwuyeqiyezengjia8jia,qitaxingyeqiyejianshao2jia。

zaizhuyaozhibiaozhanbishang,fuwuye、zhizaoyegeyougaodi,danfuwuyezaijuedaduoshuzhibiaodezhanbichengshangshengqushi。

shangyeyinxing、zhengquanyudichanqiyejixiaobiaoxiantuchu,shangmaofuwuqiyezaizichanzhouzhuanyurenjunyingshoufangmianlingxian,jiuleiqiyepaimingyousuoxiajiang;jinrongyezaierjixifenxingyezhongchixuzhanjutuchudiwei,zai6gezhuyaozhibiaozhongpaimingweijuerjixingyezhishou,danzaijinglirunzhongdezhanbiyousuoxiajiang;tongxinshebeijiqitadianzishebeizhizaoyezaiyanfatouru、yongyouzhuanlixiangshu、famingzhuanlixiangshu、guojibiaozhunzhidingshu4gejishuxingzhibiaoshanglingxian。

duogexingyeruweiqiyeshuliangfashengjiaodabianhua,butongxingyeyingshouhelirunzengsuchayimingxian。jinrongqiyeyinglishuipingmingxiangaoyufeijinrongqiye,danerzhezhijiandeyinglishuipingchajuyousuosuoxiao;qichexingyeruweiqiyeshuliangbaochiwending,danduiyingyeshouruyujinglirundegongxianchixuxiajiang;fangdichanqiyeyingyeshouru、jingliruntongbizengzhang,danjinglirunzengsulianxuliangniandafuxiajiang。

 

▌5.zongbudiqufenbutezheng

2020zhongguoqiye500qiangzhong,xizang、hainanjixuwuqiyeruwei,neidiqita29gesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi)douyouqiyeruwei。zongtishangkan,gediquruweiqiyeshulianggengqufensanhua,toubuquyuyuweibuquyuzhijianchajuyousuosuoxiao。dongbudiquruweiqiyeshuliangchixujianshao,xibudiquruweiqiyelianxuzengjia,zhongbudiquzengjia1jia,dongbeidiqujianshao1jia。

zaineidi29geyongyouruweiqiyedesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi)zhong,you10geruweiqiyeshuliangzengjia、8geruweiqiyeshuliangjianshao、11geruweiqiyeshuliangbaochibubian。

qizhong,fujian、guangxi、guizhou、henan、hubei、hunan、shanxi、sichuan、tianjin、zhongqingfenbiezengjia4jia、2jia、2jia、1jia、1jia、1jia、1jia、1jia、1jia、1jia,jiangsu、beijing、shandong、shanghai、xinjiang、liaoning、jiangxi、anhuifenbiejianshao4jia、3jia、3jia、1jia、1jia、1jia、1jia、1jia。dongbudiquruweiqiyedeshourulirunlv、jingzichanlirunlv、renjunjinglirunjunmingxiangaoyuqitadiqu。

 

▌6.chuangxintezheng

2020zhongguoqiye500qiangyanfatouruchixuzengzhang,yanfatouruzongliangxiangdangyuquanguoqiyer&djingfeide63.55%,yanfaqiangduwei1.61%,huiguilishizuigaozhishuiping。

50%yishangde500qiangqiyeyanfaqiangdutongbiyousuotisheng,yanfatouruqiangdu5%yishangdeqiyeshuliangzengjia2jia;zhizaoyeyanfaqiangduchixugaoyufuwuye,bingqiebaochishangshengtaishi;minyingqiyeyanfaqiangdugaoyuguoyouqiye,danzaiyanfatouruzongliang、qiyepingjunyanfatourushangrengdiyuguoyouqiye;tongxinshebeizhizaoyezaiyanfaqiangdu、renjunyanfafeiyong、pingjunyanfafeiyongdexingyepaimingzhongjushouwei;guangdongshengzaiquyuyanfaqiangdupaimingzhongweijubangshou,mingxianlingxianyuqitadiqu。

500qiangqiyezhuanliyufamingzhuanlishuliangchixuzengjia,famingzhuanlizhanbi“liuliansheng”。qizhong,tongxinshebeizhizaoyezaichuangxinchanchushuliangyuzhiliangshangjunlingxianyuqitaxingye,zaiyanfaqiangdu、renjunyanfafeiyong、pingjunyanfafeiyongdexingyepaimingzhongjunjushouwei,bingqiejijicanyubiaozhunzhiding,juyoujiaoqiangdeguojichanyefazhanyingxiangli。

 

▌7.guojihuatezheng

2020zhongguoqiye500qiangzhongyou249jiaqiyeshenbaolewanzhengdeguojihuajingyingshuju,yushangnian500qiangchiping,dankuaguozhishubishangnian500qiangtigao0.41gebaifendian。500qiangzhongguojihuajingyingqiyedeshourulirunlv、jingzichanlirunlvjundiyufeiguojihuajingyingqiye,renjunshouru、renjunjinglirunyediyufeiguojihuajingyingqiye。

fenleibijiaokan,guoyouqiyeguojihuachengdugaoyuminyingqiye,zhizaoyeqiyeguojihuachengdugaoyufuwuyeqiye。

zaiguojihuaqiyezhong,guoyouqiyeshourulirunlv、jingzichanlirunlvjundiyuminyingqiye,fuwuyeqiyeshourulirunlvgaoyuzhizaoyeqiye,zhizaoyeqiyejingzichanlirunlvgaoyufuwuyeqiye。75gexingyezhong,you45gexingyedeqiyeguojihuabilvgaoyu50%,danyou8gexingyedeqiyeguojihuabilvyijiuwei0。

guojihuajingyingdexingyefugaimian、quyufugaimianjunyousuokuoda,danquyuqiyeguojihuabilvyujingjifazhanshuipingbingwubiranlianxi,dongbufadadiquruweiqiyecanyuguojihuajingyingdebilibingbuyidinggaoyuzhongxibudiqu。

qiyeguojihuajingyingyuyingyeshourudengzhibiaoxianzhuzhengxiangguan,yujinglirundengzhibiaozechengxianruodefuxiangguan。249jiaguojihuajingyingqiyezhong,161jiaguoyouqiyedekuaguozhishuwei11.27%,gaoyu88jiaminyingqiyede10.45%。

 

▌8.jianbingzhongzuhuodong

2020zhongguoqiye500qiangbinggouzhongzuchixuhuoyue,suirancanyubinggouzhongzude500qiangqiyeshuliang(167jia)bishangnian(182jia)jianshaole15jia,dangongshishile1072cibinggouzhongzu,bishangnian500qiangzengjiale72ci。

guoyouqiyeshibinggouzhongzudeguanjianliliang,104jiaguoyouqiyegongshishile567cibinggouzhongzu。66jiafuwuyeqiyegongshishile699cibinggouzhongzu,yuanduoyu74jiazhizaoyeqiyede275cihe27jiaqitaxingyeqiyede98ci。

dongbudiqushi500qiangqiyebinggouzhongzuzuihuoyuedediqu,beijing、guangdong、zhejiang、jiangsu、shandongfenbieyou33jia、22jia、16jia、14jia、10jiaqiyecanyushishilebinggouzhongzu,fenbieshishibinggouzhongzu153ci、170ci、133ci、28ci、27ci,zhan500qiangqiyequanbubinggouzhongzuzongshuliangde47.67%。

canyubinggoudeqiyezichan、guimujingzichan、yanfatouru、renyuanyuyingyeshouruzengzhangzhengtishanggaoyuqitaqiye,danbinggouzhongzuyugezhibiaojueduizhi、bianhualvjunbucunzaixianzhuxiangguan。

 

▌9.qitaxiangguanfenxi

2020zhongguoqiye500qiangzichanfuzhailvshoucishixian“sanlianjiang”,zichanzhouzhuanlvyousuotisheng,qizhongminyingqiyetishengjiaokuai。qiyezibenlaodongbichixutigao,jishushuipingdetishengtuidongdaqiyeyoulaodongmijixiangzibenmijixingzhuanbian;renjunchanchushuipingchixutisheng,guoyouqiyeyuminyingqiyezhijianchajuzaicikuoda;qiyehuanbanglvzigaoweiquwenhouchixuhuiluo,xinshangbangqiyeyingyeshourugaosuzengzhang,danjinglirundafuxiajiang。

xinshangbangqiyezhuyaolaizidongbuyanhaidiqu;lianxushangbangqiyepaimingbianhuamingxian,bufenqiyepaimingbiandongjiaoda。

 

02zhongguodaqiyechixufazhanmianlindezhuyaowentiyutiaozhan

▌1.quanqiuyiqingchixumanyanduiwoguoqiyefazhangouchengjiaodayali

xinguanfeiyanyiqingchengwei2020nianquanqiujingjizuidade“heitiane”shijian,duiwoguojingjishehuifazhanzaochengqiansuoweiyoudechongji。suiranwoguocaiquguoduanjucuo,lvxianshixianduiyiqingdeyouxiaokongzhi,qiyefugongfuchanwenbutuijin,danxuduoguojiahediqudeyiqingrengzaimanyan,jianghuiduiquanqiugedajingjitijichanyelianchixuchanshengbuliyingxiang,jinerzengjiayingxiangwoguojingjizengzhangjidaqiyefazhandebuquedingyinsu。

 

▌2.guojijingmaomocajiajuqiyefazhandebuquedingxing

jinnianlai,meiguotelangpuzhengfuzhenduiwoguodeyixiliedayazhengce,suirangaibianbulewoguojingjiwenzhongxianghao、zhangqixianghaodejibenqushi,danqi“quzhongguohua”“shitiqingdan”zhicaidengniquanqiuhuadejucuojianghuiyanzhongpohuaiquanqiuchanyelian、yingxiangquanqiugongyingliananquan、ehuaguojijingjihezuohuanjing,jiangduiquanqiugedajingjitichanshengbutongchengdudefumianyingxiang,jiwoguoqiyedefazhanyuqizengjialezhuduobuquedingyinsu。

 

▌3.kuansonghuobihuanjingyuyouxiaoxuqiubuzuhuozhutuidaqiye“tuoshixiangxu”

jinnianyilai,weiyingduixinguanfeiyanyiqingduijingjizengzhangdebuliyingxiang,jiakuaijingjizhongqiyufusu,geguocaiqulejiangxidenggengduoshifangliudongxingdehuobizhengce。woguojingjizaikangyizhongkuaisufusu,huiguizhengzengzhangguidao,tongyangshouyiyuyangxingkuansongdehuobizhengce。

danshi,yukuansongdehuobizhengcecujintouzizengzhangxiangduiyingdeshiwoguojingjimianlindejieduanxingyouxiaoxuqiubuzu。yifangmian,chukouzengzhangfali,jinguan4yuefenyilaichukouzongelianxusangeyuebaochizhengzengzhang,danzengsufenbiezhiyou3.5%、1.4%、0.5%;lingyifangmian,guoneixiaofeixuqiujingqizhishubugao,zhenggeshangbanniandouchuyutongbifuzengzhangtaishi。ruguohouxuxiaofeixuqiuzhishubunengjiakuaizengzhang,shitiqiyezaishiyelingyudetouzizengzhangjiangchixushoudaoyazhi,bufendaqiyekenenghuijiangcongjinrongjigouhuodededichengbenzijintouxiangxunijingji,congeryoufadaqiyexinyilun“tuoshixiangxu”。

 

▌4.zhongxiaoqiyequanmianchengyazuaiguoneichanyelianchangtong

zhongxiaoqiyekangfengxiannenglijiaoruo,yidanzaoyuwaibushichanghuanjingdezhongdabianhua,henrongyixianrujingyingkunjing,shenzhipochandaobi。xinguanfeiyanyiqingjiwoguozhongxiaoqiyedailaileqiansuoweiyoudechongji,pubianmianlindingdanjianshao、kaigongyanhou、liudongzijinbuzudengwenti,kenenghuiyouyipizhongxiaoqiyeyouyushichangkaituoshouzuhuozijinzhouzhuanzhongduanertuichushichang,congerdaozhixiangguanchanyelianxunhuanzhongduan,bingyingxiangdaochanyelianzhongdaqiyedezhengchangyunying。

 

03“shisiwu”daqiyejinyibuzuoyouzuoqiangdeduicejianyi

 

▌1.jingzhunfenxifazhanhuanjing,kexuezhiding“shisiwu”qiyefazhanguihua

“shisiwu”shiqi,woguoqiyetebieshidaqiyebixuxuehuizaiweijizhongyuxinji、zaibianjuzhongkaixinju,jingzhunfenxibuquedingxingyinsuzengjiadefazhanhuanjing,bawohaofazhanfangxiang,heliquedingfazhanmubiao,kexuemouhuafazhanlujing,chixuhangshifazhanjichu,nulikaichuanggaozhiliangfazhandexinjumian。

yishiyaogenjuqiyedejutiqingkuang,zaiyouxiaoduijiezhengfubumenxiangguanguihuafangxiangyumubiaodejichushang,kexuezhidingbenqiye“shisiwu”fazhanguihua;

ershiyaomingque“shisiwu”gaozhiliangfazhandezhuyaojingjizhibiaodemubiaozhiyijishixianmubiaodejutilujing;

sanshiyaomingque“shisiwu”jishufazhanfangxiang,tichuyanfatouruzengzhangmubiao,shedingguanjianhexinjishutupomubiao;

sishiyaomingque“shisiwu”jiegoudiaozhengdejibensilu,jiyaoduichanyeyuchanyelianbujujiegoudiaozhengzuochukexueanpai,yeyaoduiquyubujujiegoudiaozhengzuochuheliguihua;

wushiyaoduiluoshi“shisiwu”guojiayudifangzhengfuzhongdafazhanzhanlvezuochubushu,quebaoqiyeguihuafucongbingtixianguojiafazhanzhanlve。

 

▌2.chuangxinqudong,jianchichuangxinlian、chanyelianxietongfazhan

“shisiwu”shiqishikaiqiquanmianjiansheshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguoxinzhengchengdediyigewunian,chuangxinjiangchengweizuiguanjiandedongli,yinjin、mofang、gailiangduijingjifazhandezhongyaoxingjiangxianzhuxiajiang。

tongshi,“shisiwu”shiqiyeshifazhanhuanjingbuquedingxingdiejiadeshiqi,zuoweichuangxinzhulijundedaqiye,yingzhudongyongzizhuchuangxindequedingxinglaiyingduiwaibuhuanjingdebuquedingxing,yaozaichuangxinqudongzhanlvexiazuohaoruxiajifangmiandegongzuo:

yishitigaoqiyeyanfaqiangdu。dangqiandaqiyedeyanfaqiangdujinguanyiyouyidingchengdudetigao,danzongtishangrengchuyujiaodishuiping,buzuyizhichengwoguojinkuaizaiguanjianhexinjishulingyudezhongdatupo。

ershiyouhuachuangxintourujiegou。yaozengjiajichuyanfalingyudetouru,jizhongliliangjinxingguanjianhexinjishugongguan。

sanshijiadachuangxinrencaipeiyangyinjinlidu。jiyaozhuzhongyinjin,gengyaozhongshipeiyangyouxiuchuangxinrencai;yaotuposhikongjiexian,duoqudaozhenghequanqiuchuangxinrencai,yonghaochuangxinrencai。

 

sishiwanshanchuangxinjizhi。yaojiaqiangchuangxinjingfeiguanli,rangyouxiandechuangxintouruxingchenggengduogaozhiliangdechuangxinchanchu;jianlibingbuduanwanshanshichanghuachuangxinjilijizhi,rangchuangxinzhehelifenxiangchuangxinchengguo。

wushizuohaochuangxinchengguoyingyongyuchubeiguanli。yaojiakuaichuangxinchengguodeshangyehuayingyong,jishuyanfayaozuodaoyanfayipi、chubeiyipi、zaiyongyipi,nenggouchixuyouxiaodizhichengjishudiedaishengji。

liushijianchichanyelianyuchuangxinlianxietongfazhan。yaoweiraochanyelianbushuchuangxinlian,yichuangxintupotuidongchanyelianfazhan;yaoweiraochuangxinlianbujuchanyelian,yichuangxinchengguoyouhuachanyelianbuju。

 

▌3.jiakuaixiangquanqiuchanyejiazhilianzhonggaoduanmaijin,zengqiangchanyejingzhengliyuhuayuquan

woguojuyouquanqiuzuiweiwanzhengdechanyetixi,danzaiquanqiuchanyejiazhilianshangdediduanhuaduanban,xianzhuyingxianglewoguochanyeyuqiyedeguojijingzhengli。

“shisiwu”shiqi,daqiyeyaodailingwoguoqiyejinkuaizouchuchanyediduansuodingxianjing,zhengtishangxiangquanqiuchanyejiazhilianzhonggaoduanyuesheng。

xiangquanqiuchanyejiazhilianzhonggaoduanmaijinyouliangtiaolujing、sigeweidu。liangtiaolujingjijishuchuangxinheziyuanzhenghe;sigeweidujichanyejichu、chanyejiegou、chanyejiazhi、chanyelianshuiping。

jutilaishuo,jishuchuangxinkeyituidongchanyejichujishushuipingtisheng、chanyejiegouxiangxiandaihuafangxiangyanjin、chanyezhengtijiazhihanliangzengjiahechanyelianxiandaihuashuipingtisheng;ziyuanzhenghezekeyitongguopanhuocunliang、zuoyouzengliang,youhuaziyuanpeizhi,dachengjishuchuangxinmubiao。

yinci,woguodaqiyeyaomaixiangquanqiuchanyejiazhilianzhonggaoduan,bixujianchijishuchuangxinheziyuanzhenghe“liangtiaotuizoulu”yuchanyejichu、chanyejiegou、chanyejiazhi、chanyelianshuipingsigeweidutupoxiangjiehe;tongshihaiyaoduichanyelianjinxingshendushuli,qieshizuohaochanyelianbuduanban、qiangruoxiangdenggexianggongzuo。

 

▌4.quanmiantishengxiaolvxiaoyi,dazaoyipigaozhiliangfazhanshifanqiye

“shisiwu”shiqi,woguodaqiyeyaochixushenhuagaigechuangxin,quanmiantishengxiaolvxiaoyi,dazaoyipigaozhiliangfazhanjijuyouquanqiujingzhenglideshijieyiliuqiye。

yishiyaodalituijinchanpinchuangxinshengji,yiyouzhichanpinzengqiangqiyeyinglinengli,tishengqiyehexinjingzhengli;

ershiyaojiaqiangqiyeguanli,yiguanlixiaolvtishengjingyingjixiao;

sanshiyaochongfenliyonghaohulianwang、dashujuziyuan,jiezhuxianjinxinxijishulaitigaoguanlishuipinghejingyingxiaolv,cujinqiyequanmiantizhizengxiao;

sishiyouhuaziyuanpeizhi,jiakuaizichanzhouzhuan,tigaoziyuanliyongxiaolv;

wushizheyanyukechixufazhan,jijilvxingshehuizeren,tuijinjienengjianpai,jiansheziyuanjieyuexinghehuanjingyouhaoxingqiye。

 

▌5.jujiaozhanlvexingxinxingchanye,zhangkongkechixufazhandezhanlvezhigaodian

“shisiwu”shiqi,woguodaqiyeyingchongfenfahuizhanlvexingxinxingchanyefazhandezhulijunhexianxingjunzuoyong,congyixiajigefangmianfali,dazaogaozhiliangfazhandexinyoushi,zhangkongkechixufazhandezhigaodian:

yishijijixunqiuyubawozhanlvexingxinxingchanyetouzifazhanjihui,zengjiaduizhanlvexingxinxingchanyedezibentouru;tongshishulidiaozhengxianyoutouzi,shidangcongdiduanchuantongchanyetuichu,jiangshifangchulaidezibentouxiangzhanlvexingxinxingchanye。

ershijiadaduizhanlvexingxinxingchanyedejishuyanfatourulidu,jiangqiyekeyanzhongdianxiangzhanlvexingxinxingchanyelingyuqingxie。

sanshichongfenfahuichanyejijinzuoyong,jiaqiangchanxueyanyongronghe,dazaokaifangxingyanfapingtai,daidonggengduoshehuizibencanyuzhanlvexingxinxingchanyefazhan。

sishijianchichayihuafazhanzhanlve,bimiandishuipingzhongfutouzidailaideexingjingzheng,cujinqiyehechanyejiankangkechixufazhan。

 

▌6.weiraochangtongguojiguoneishuangxunhuan,dazaoguojihuajingyingxingeju

 

woguodaqiyeyingtongguodaidongzhongxiaoqiyexietongfazhan,jinyibuwanshanguoneichanyelian;tongshi,gengyaodaitouluoshi“zouchuqu”zhanlvehe“yidaiyilu”changyi,zaizhengheliyongguojiguoneilianggeshichang、liangzhongziyuanfangmianfahuiguanjianzuoyong。

yishiyouhuaguoneishichangyuguojishichangguanxi,jianchiyiguoneishichangweizhudao、guojishichangweibuchong,guojishichangdebujuyufazhanbixufuwuyuguoneishichangdexuyao;

ershiyibuduanban、qiangruoxiangweijibenzunxun,tuijinguojichanyelianbuju,guojiyewudetouzibujuyingdangzuoweiguoneiyewudebuchongyuyanshen;

sanshigaoqidian、gaozhiliangkaizhanguojihuabuju,nulijinruquanqiuchanyejiazhiliandezhonggaoduanhuanjie,bimianzaiguojishichangjinxingdishuipingtouzi;

sishijianchiduoyuanhuabuju,yiquanqiuhuaweidaoxiang,jiyaojianchiyiyouzhendi,gengyaokaipixinxingshichang;

wushijiaqiangduidongdaoguodezhengceyanjiu,jishi、zhunqueyanpanzhengcezouxiang,bingtiqiancaiquyingduijucuo,bimianhuoruohuadongdaoguozhengcebianhuasuodailaidebuliyingxiang;

liushifuwuguojiazhongdazhanlve,bingchidazaorenleimingyungongtongtilinian,jiadadui“yidaiyilu”yanxianguojiahediqudetouzilidu,yudongdaoguoqiyegongtongfenxiang“yidaiyilu”jianshedehongli。

 

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